Symptoms of dopa-responsive dystonia include:

  • ‘stiff-legged’ way of walking
  • upward bending of the sole of the foot
  • turning of the foot outward at the ankle
  • toe walking
  • muscle spasms
  • tremor

The symptoms of Parkinsonism that may show include:

  • slowness of movement
  • stiffness and resistance to movement (rigidity)
  • balance difficulties
  • postural instability

Stress and anxiety are known to exacerbate the symptoms.