There are several different medications that can be used to manage the symptoms of dystonia.

The main types and how they work are:

  • Dopaminergic - increase dopamine
  • Anticholinergic - block the effect of the chemical messenger 'acetylcholine'
  • GABA Agonist - boost the levels of GABA (gamma aminobutyric acid), a chemical which stops the transmission of nerve signals in the brain acting as a muscle relaxant
  • Symptomatic treating - suppress the release of chemical messengers such as dopamine and serotonin
  • Anti-convulsant - relieve nerve pain