There are numerous causes of muscle spasms and most clear up quickly.

The first course of action if the muscle spasms won’t go away should be to consult a doctor (General Practitioner). 

Please see our disclaimer below.

Sometimes a doctor may not know what is causing the muscle spasms or prescribes treatments that do not seem to work. This is understandable, as muscle spasms have a wide range of causes and no General Practitioner (GP) can know all of them.

There are many reasons why muscle spasms may not respond to treatment of which one possible explanation is that they are caused by a dystonia.

Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder and, if symptoms suggest a dystonia, the correct course of action is for a GP to make a referral to a neurologist specialising in movement disorders. They can provide treatments that can significantly reduce the symptoms in the majority of cases.   

If you would like more information on dystonia, please click here or call our helpline on 020 7793 3650.

Only a specialist neurologist has the knowledge and skill to diagnose and treat dystonia


The Dystonia Society provides the information on this page as general information only. It is not intended to provide instruction and you should not rely on this information to determine diagnosis, prognosis or a course of treatment. It should not be used in place of a professional consultation with a doctor.

The Dystonia Society is not responsible for the consequences of your decisions resulting from the use of this information, including, but not limited to, your choosing to seek or not to seek professional medical care, or from choosing or not choosing specific treatment based on the information. You should not disregard the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider because of any information you receive from us. If you have any health care questions, please consult the relevant medical practitioner.